伦敦工程学留学生paper-志愿者工程师对贫困地区的带动作用分析

2015-10-26 10:34:03      点击:
 

最近几年,已经有越来越多的工程师在英国和欧盟地区,第一个新兴的旅游区志愿者已经扩展到了全球范围,随着越来越多的旅游志愿者的加入,还有志愿者组织的旅游活动的增加,然而这一现象也受到了很多媒体的关注和工程师的探讨。在笔者看来,工程师可以积累经验,为更多的旅游志愿者服务。随着它变的越来越流行,辩论的动机也开始出现,焦点是利己主义或利他主义,在这个领域,工程师往往具有很高的专业性。也引起了更多的争议。

Over the recent years, there have been an increasing number of engineers serving as voluntourists. First emerging in the UKand EU area, volunteer tourism has been expanding to a wide scope of countries throughout the globe. With the ever growing of voluntourists, there is also a great increase in volunteer tourism organizations. However, this trend also draws attention from the public and opinions towards whether engineers should be voluntourists divide. As far as the author is concerned, engineers could accumulate experience and gain skills through acting as voluntourists, so engineers should be voluntourists. Volunteer tourism refers to those “tourists who volunteer for part or all of their travel” in other countries (Wearing and McGehee, 2013). As it becomes more and more popular, debate over the motivation begins to emerge. The focus is self-interest or altruism. In this area, engineers have caused more controversy since they usually have high professionalism.

本文支持积极的工程师的原因有三个方面,下面详细说明一下,首先志愿旅游者可以帮助工程师开发更多的技能和积累更多的经验,成为更优秀的工程师,以后也可以回到自己的祖国,根据一项研究显示,更侧重于技能和经验的积累,国际经验也给他们带来了更多的帮助,在发展技能方面,几乎所有的工程师都承认这一点。

This paper holds a positive attitude towards engineers being voluntourists. There are mainly three reasons, which will be explained in detail as follows.

Firstly, voluntourist service could help engineers accumulate experience, develop skills and become more employable after they come back to their motherland. According to a research that focuses on the impact of voluntary work on the voluntourists, international experience did help a lot in developing skills. Nearly all the participants admitted that they had benefited much and gained some skills which could not be acquired at home. With these skills and experience, engineers could become more employable in the job market (The Volunteer Engineer: Gaining Skills Abroad). 

Secondly, voluntourist service turns out to be a good way for engineers to taste different cultures as well as learn from their counterparts in other countries (Wearing and McGehee, 2013). Based on the research conducted by “Chartered Management Institute and Voluntary Service Overseas”, almost all the members investigated said that they became more capable of handling varied cultures, while third fourths realized that they had become good communicators (Wearing and McGehee, 2013). As held by Wearing S. and McGehee N. G. (2013), the “participation in voluntary tourism” could change the behaviours of voluntourists after their returning home as a result of network extension and experience expansion.

自主工作不仅有益于工程师自己,也有助于社会的发展,由于工程师他们在自己的领域有巨大的专业精神和先进的知识,他们可以推动贫困和落后的地区快速的发展,这样一来,志愿者工程师和当地居民一起工作,并且可以带动当地的经济的发展,此外,也可以帮助贫困地区建立一个和平的,相互发展的有效途径。

Thirdly, voluntary work is not only beneficial for engineers themselves, but also contributes to the community development. Since engineers have great professionalism and advanced knowledge in their fields, they can push the advancement of impoverished or lagged-behind communities (Kevin, 2009). In this way, the voluntary engineers and local residents being served can work hands in hands and together facilitate the local development. Further, helping the impoverished regions is also an effective way to create a fair and peaceful world of mutual development.